Krishnamacharya's son, Sri TK Sribhashyam, considers mudra to be a support for pranayama a practice to develop concentration and one pointedness.
"Yoga has two elements to support our spirituality breathing Prânâyâma, and include breathing postures and concentration, called Mudra".
Mudra practice helps us offset the influence emotional during concentration. The Mudra represent some postures in yoga which include a concentration or a specific point within the body or outside the body. External objects are divine objects, which are devoid of human emotions. In Yoga we do not use objects that have a dependency with our emotions and human relations.
The outer points are points of connection between the soul and the Creator.
Points inside the body are like a network and relate to the existence of the soul in life. These very specific points of concentration are considered divine objects.
Concentration is added to the number of breaths specific (3, 6 or 12). The Mudra can be practiced alone, in no specific order, because their role is on an emotional level, it involves cutting the interrelationship between sense perception and emotions.
Here are some points of focus:
- Adityas (Sun): it is the solar disk, black and shiny, which is the door to go beyond this world. This concentration is against the practice.
- The Star: lying on the back, direct the eye as far as possible in the sky.
- Taraka: it is the point on the horizon, infinity beyond the earthly world.
- Murdhna: this is a point which lies to the root of the nose. Murdhna gives us the support of spiritual masters. It is thanks to their light, their spiritual strength as we continue to move towards the Creator. It is our belief that nourish them and help us to strengthen it.
- Divya Chakshush: point of the occiput. Divya Chakshush means "vision of God" is one of the largest concentrations for the vision of our soul.
- Nasaagra: tip of the nose. Reduced from dispersions of sense perception.
- Nabhi: behind the navel. Nabhi restores harmony in the emotional activity.
- Mula: Mula means "root", it is located between the anus and the genitals. This is an extremely important point. This is to bring all of our different human emotions to the root of emotions, Mula, to activate and give way to the divine emotion.
- Bruhmadhya: the point between the eyebrows. In philosophical terms, its meaning is "land between the two" heavenly and earthly.
- Shirsha: fontanelle. It is located in the upper part of the skull at the inside. It is also a vital point, since the soul is supposed to leave at death. The soul is often seen as confined to Mula. It is therefore necessary to create a path for him to go Shirsha, concentration upward, directing the gaze Mula and follow a vertical line Shirsha.
- Hrudaya: the place of residence of God in us. It is a little outside the physiological heart. In the concentration of Mula Shirsha to it automatically by Hrudaya. This is protected from any human emotion. As a state mental Hrudaya is given automatically when the field is free of mental sensations and emotions.
Seminar given by Sri TK Sribhashyam in Neuchâtel from 29.07 to 08.01.06
See this example from TK Sribhashyam's book Emergence of Yoga (now in English). This from my earlier post
Krishnamacharya own practice?
An outline of Krishnamacharya's own practice?
from the French edition of T. K. Shribashyam book, Emergence du Yoga
My Translation and Notes
Apercu des séances pratiques de mon père- Overview practice sessions of my Father
Kapalabhati (see notes below) - 32 breaths
Ujjayi Anuloma (see notes below) - 6 cycles A.K. (antha-kumbhaka = holding at top of inhalation) 5 seconds, Concentration Kanta (throat)
Utthita pada Angushtasana - 6 breaths B.K. (Bhya-kumbhaka = holding at end of exhalation) 5 seconds, Inhalation concentration: Mula and Kanta (throat) , Exhalation Concentration: Kanta (throat)
Bhujangasana - 3 breaths, Concentration: bhrumadhya (between eyebrows)
Sarvangasana- 12 breaths, Concentration: kanta (throat)
Sirsasana - 12 Breaths, Concentration: lalata (center of forehead)
Ardhabadhahalasana - 3 breaths
Halasana - 3 breaths
Karnapindasana- 3 breaths
Adhomukhapadmasana (but on belly)
Concentration: Kanta (throat)
Ardhabadha padma paschimotanasana - 3 breaths, inhalation Concentration: nabhi (navel), Exhalation Concentration: Kanta (throat)
Badhakonasana - 12 Breaths, Inhalation Concentration: Mula and Shirsha Exhalation Concentration Mula
Basti ( pranayama) 60 cycles
Nadi Shodana ( pranayama) - cycles, Abhyantara Vritthi